We are expanding! Return later to see what's new.

Rat Care: An Overview

Pet Rat Care: A Comprehensive Guide to Raising Happy and Healthy Rats

Rats make wonderful pets for those looking for a small, intelligent, and social companion. They are clean, curious, and affectionate animals that can form strong bonds with their owners. However, proper care is essential for their health and well-being. In this article, we'll cover the basics of pet rat care, including their housing, diet, health, and socialization.


Rats need a spacious and safe living environment that allows them to move around and play. A wire cage with a solid base is a good option, as it provides good ventilation and allows for easy cleaning. Make sure the cage has enough space for your rat to move around and play, as well as enough levels and hiding spots for them to feel secure.

Bedding should be soft and absorbent, such as shredded paper, aspen shavings, fleece, or hemp. Avoid using pine or cedar bedding, as the oils in these woods can be harmful to rats.


Rats are omnivores and require a balanced diet that includes both plant and animal protein. A good diet for pet rats should include:

  • A good quality commercial rat food, which provides the necessary nutrients and protein.
  • Fresh fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli, apples, and berries. Avoid feeding them citrus fruits or anything high in sugar.
  • Small amounts of lean protein, such as cooked chicken, eggs, or tofu.

Make sure to provide your rat with fresh water daily, either in a water bottle or a heavy ceramic bowl.


Rats are generally healthy animals, but they can suffer from a few common health issues. Here are some signs to look out for:

  • Respiratory problems: Sneezing, wheezing, and labored breathing can indicate a respiratory infection.
  • Skin problems: Redness, scabs, or hair loss can indicate skin parasites or an allergic reaction.
  • Overgrown teeth: Rats' teeth grow continuously, so make sure they have plenty of chew toys and blocks to keep their teeth filed down.
  • Tumors: Rats are prone to tumors, which can appear as lumps or bumps under the skin.

If you notice any of these symptoms, take your rat to a veterinarian who specializes in small animals.


Rats are social animals and need interaction with their owners and other rats to be happy and healthy. Spend time playing with your rat every day, offering toys and hiding treats for them to find. You can also consider adopting more than one rat to provide companionship, though it is common for adult rats whom are being introduced to one another to initially become aggressive towards one another. It is important to introduce new rats to one another gradually and under strict supervision. Ensure you have an alternative housing situation for the second rat incase things go awry. Ideally, introducing rats at a younger age is the easiest and less stressful approach. 

In conclusion, pet rat care involves providing them with a safe and spacious living environment, a balanced diet, regular health checks, and plenty of socialization. With proper care, your pet rat can live a happy and healthy life for many years.